Halal is an Arabic word which means permissible or lawful. In the Holy Quran, God commands Muslims and all of mankind to eat of the Halal things - "O mankind! Eat of that which is lawful and wholesome, and follow not the footsteps of the devil.  Lo! he is an avowed enemy of you." (2:168)
 
 
 
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The Islamic Jurisprudence on Foods

 

The Islamic Jurisprudence on Food


Halal in Arabic means permissible or any object or an action which is permissible to use or engage in, according to Islamic law. The term covers and designates not only food and drink but also all matters of daily life. The opposite of this word is Haraam.


Surah al Baqarah(2), 168 : O ye people! Eat of what is on earth, lawful and good; and do not follow the footsteps of Satan for he is to you an avowed enemy.


Generally in Islam, every object and action is considered permissible unless there is a prohibition of it in the Islamic scriptures. The al Quran and the Sunnah. Clarification is given below in detail as to what is considered to be a permissible object or action in Islam, along with the exceptions.

Al Quran is The Quran and As-Sunnah are the words, examples, actions, agreements and dissagreements shown by Rasulullah saw.


Halal food are food that Muslims are allowed to eat or drink under Islamic Shariah. The criteria specify both what food are allowed, and how the food must be prepared. The foods addressed are mostly types of meat and animal tissue.


The most common example of Non-Halal (or Haram) food is pork. While pork is the only meat that cannot be eaten by Muslims at all (due to historically, culturally, and religiously perceived hygienic concerns), food other than pork can also be Haram. The criteria for non-pork items include their source, the cause of the animal's death, and how it was processed.


The food must come from a supplier that uses Halal practices. Specifically, the slaughter must be performed by a Muslim, who must precede the slaughter by invoking the name of Allah, by saying "Bismillah" ("In the name of Allah"). Then, the animal must be slaughtered with a sharp knife by cutting the throat, windpipe and the blood vessels in the neck (while the animal is conscious), causing the animal’s death without cutting the spinal cord. Lastly, the blood from the veins must be drained.


Muslims must also ensure that all food (particularly processed food), as well as non-food items like cosmetics and pharmaceuticals, are Halal. Frequently, these products contain animal by-products or other ingredients that are not permissible for Muslims to eat or use on their bodies.


A variety of substances are considered as harmful (Haram) for humans to consume and, therefore, forbidden as per various Qur'anic verses:


1. Surah al Baqarah (2), verse 173 : He hath only forbidden you dead meat, and blood and the flesh of swine, and that on which any other name hath been invoked besides that of Allah. But if one is forced by necessity without wilful disobedience, nor transgressing due limits'then is he guiltless. For Allah is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful.

2. Surah al Maeda (5), verse 3 : Forbidden to you (for food) are: dead meat, blood the flesh of swine, and that on which hath been invoked the name of other than Allah, that which hath been killed by strangling, or by a violent blow, or by a headlong fall, or by being gored to death; that which hath been (partly) eaten by a wild animal; unless ye are able to slaughter it (in due form); that which is sacrificed on stone (altars); (forbidden) also is the division (of meat) by raffling with arrows: that is impiety. This day have those who reject Faith given up all hope of your religion: yet fear them not but fear Me. This day have I perfected your religion for you, completed my favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion. But if any is forced by hunger, with no inclination to transgression, Allah is indeed Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful.

3. Surah al Maeda (5), verse 5 : This day are (all) things good and pure made lawful unto you. The food of the People of the Book is lawful unto you and yours is lawful unto them. (Lawful unto you in marriage) are (not only) chaste women who are believers, but chaste women among the People of the Book, revealed before your time? when ye give them their due dowers, and desire chastity, not lewdness, nor secret intrigues. If anyone rejects faith, fruitless is his work, and in the Hereafter he will be in the ranks of those who have lost (all spiritual good).

4. Surah al Anaam (6), verse 145. : Say: "I find not in the Message received by me by inspiration any (meat) forbidden to be eaten by one who wishes to eat it, unless it be dead meat, or blood poured forth, or the flesh of swine? for it is an abomination or what is impious, (meat) on which a name has been invoked, other than Allah's." But (even so) if a person is forced by necessity, without wilful disobedience nor transgressing due limits? thy Lord is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

5. Surah Al Nahl (16), verse 115 : He has only forbidden you dead meat, and blood, and the flesh of swine, and any (food) over which the name of other than Allah has been invoked. But if one is forced by necessity, without willful disobedience nor transgressing due limits? then Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

6. Surah Al Baqarah (2), verse 219. : They ask thee concerning wine and gambling. Say: "In them is great sin, and some profit for men; but the sin is greater than the profit." They ask thee how much they are to spend; say: "What is beyond your needs." Thus doth Allah make clear to you His Signs: in order that ye may consider.

7. Surah Al Maeda (5), verse 90 : O ye who believe! Intoxicants and gambling, (dedication of) stones, and (divination by) arrows, are an abomination? of Satan's handiwork: eschew such (abomination), that ye may prosper.

8. Surah Al Maeda (5), verse 91 : intoxicants (alcoholic drinks) and gambling, and hinder you from the remembrance of Allâh and from As-Salât (the prayer). So, will you not then abstain?


The following items are explicitly forbidden


i. Pork.

ii.Animals slaughtered in the name of anyone but "Allah". All that has been dedicated or offered in sacrifice to an idolatrous altar or saint or a person considered to be "divine".

iii.Carrion (carcasses of dead animals).

iv.An animal that has been strangled, beaten (to death), killed by a fall, gored (to death), or savaged by a beast of prey (unless finished off by a human).

v.Blood.

vi.Food over which Allah's name is not pronounced.

vii.Alcoholic beverages


A variety of substances are considered as Halal and Makruh for humans to consume based on the following hadiths :


1. Narrated by Abu Huraira ra : The Prophet said, "Every beast of prey with canine teeth is forbidden to eat". ( Reported by Muslim )


Muslim reported the aforesaid hadith from the narration of Ibn 'Abbas with this wording "And every bird with claws"


2.Narrated by Ibn Abu Aufa : We went on seven military expeditions with Allah's Messenger saw and we ate locusts. ( Reported by Bukhari and Muslim).


3. Narrated by Anas ra regarding the story of the rabbit. He (Abu Talha ) slaughtered it and sent its thigh to Allah's Messenger saw, and he accepted it. ( Reported by Ahmad and Abu Dawud).

4. Narrated by Ibn Abu Ammar : I asked Jabir ra, "Is deer (Dhabu) a game (animal)?. He replied "Yes". I asked "Did Allah's Messenger saw say that?" He replied "Yes". ( Reported by Ahmad and Al Arba'a Al Bukhari and Ibnu Hibban graded it Shahih).

5. Narrated by Ibn Umar ra, Allah's Messenger saw prohibited eating of the animal which feeds on filth, and (he prohibited ) it's milk. (Al Arba'a except An-Nasa'i reported it. At Tirmidzi graded it Hasan.

6. Narrated Abu Qatada ra regarding story of the wild donkey. The Prophet saw ate from it. (Reported by Bukhari and Muslim).

7. Narrated by Asma' bint Abu Bakr ra. In the time of Allah's Messenger saw, we sacrificed a horse and ate it. (Reported by Bukhari and Muslim).

8. Narrated by Ibn Abbas ra : The Dabb (sand lizard) was eaten on the dining sheet of Allah's Messenger saw. (Reported by Bukhari and Muslim).


9. Narrated by 'Adi bin Hatim ra, Allah's Messenger saw said to me, "When you send off your dog, mention Allah's Name over it. If it catches anything for you and you reach it while it is still alive, slaughter it. Likewise, if you reach it when the dog has killed it but not eaten any of it, eat it. However, if you find another dog with yours and the game has been killed, do not eat, for you do not know which of them killed the animal. When you shoot your arrow, mention Allah's Name. If the game goes out of your sight for a day and you only find in it the mark of your arrow, eat it if you wish, but if you find it drowned in water, do not eat." (Reported by Bukhari and Muslim. Agreed upon and the wording id Muslim's).

10. Narrated by 'Adi ra : I asked Allah's Messenger saw about hunting with featherless arrow (Mi'rad) and he replied, "If the game is killed with its sharp edge, eat it ; but if it strikes with the middle part and the kill is beaten to death, it is considered a Mauqudha (an animal beaten to death with a stick, a stone and the like without proper slaughtering), so do not eat it." (Reported by Bukhari)

11. Narrated by Abu Tha'laba ra : The Prophet saw said, "When you shoot your arrow and the animal goes out of your sight, eat it when you come upon it, provided it has not become rotten." (Reported by Muslim).

12. Narrated by 'Aisha ra : Some people said to the Prophet saw, "There are people who bring us meat and we do not know whether or not they have mentionned Allah's Name over it." He replied, "Mention Allah's Name yourselves and eat it." (Reported by Al Bukhari).


13. Narrated by 'Abdullah bin Mughaffal : Allah's Messenger saw forbade throwing pebbles and said, "A game (animal) is not caught by such means, neither is an enemy injured, but you may sometimes break a tooth or put out an eye (of someone accidently)."(Agreed upon, and the wording is Muslim's).


14. Narrated by Ibn Abbas ra : The Prophet saw said, "Do not take any living creature as a target." (Reported by Muslim).

15. Narrated by Ka'b bin Malik ra: A woman slaughtered a sheep with a (sharp-edged) stone, so the Prophet saw was asked about that and he ordered it to be eaten. (Reported by Muslim).

16. Narrated by Rafi' bin Khadij ra : The Prophet ra said, "Whatever causes the blood to gush out, and Allah's Name is mentioned over it, then eat (from the animal slaughtered in such a way). But, do not slaughter with a tooth or a nail (claw). This is because the tooth is a bone and the nail (claw) is the knife of the Abyssinians (Ethiopians)." (Reported by Bukhari and Muslim).

17. Narrated by Jabir bin 'Abdullah ra : Allah's Messenger saw prohibited that an animal be tied up and then killed (by beating or shooting). (Reported by Muslim).

18. Narrated by Shaddad bin Aus ra : Allah's Messenger saw said, "Verily Allah has prescribed profidiency in all things. Thus, if you kill, kill well, and when you slaughter an animal, do it in a good way. Everyone of you should sharpen his blade so that the animal may be spared from the suffering of the slaughtering." (Reported by Muslim).

19. Narrated by Abu Sa'id Al Khudri ra : Allah's Messenger saw said, "The slaughter of the Janin (fetus) is included when its mother is slaughtered."(Ahmad reported it and Ibn Hibban graded it Shahih).

20. Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abd ar-Rahman ibn Abi Hurayra asked Abdullah ibn Umar about eating what was cast up by the sea and he forbade him to eat it. Then Abdullah turned and asked for a Qur'an, and read, "The game of the sea and its flesh are halal for you." Nafi added, "Abdullah ibn Umar sent me to Abdar-Rahman Ibn Abi Hurayra to say that there was no harm in eating it."


21. Yahya related to me from Malik from Zayd ibn Aslam that Sad al-Jari, the mawla of Umar ibn al-Khattab asked Abdullah ibn Umar about fish which had killed each other or which had died from severe cold . He said, "There is no harm in eating them.'' Sad said,' 'I then asked Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al As and he said the same."

22. Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu'z-Zinad from Abu Salama ibn Abd ar-Rahman from Abu Hurayra and Zayd ibn Thabit that they saw no harm in eating what was cast up by the sea.


23. Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu'z-Zinad from Abu Salama ibn Abd ar-Rahman that some people from al-Jar came to Marwan ibn al-Hakam and asked him about eating what was cast up by the sea. He said, "There is no harm in eating it." Marwan said, "Go to Zayd ibn Thabit and Abu Hurayra and ask them about it, then come to me and tell me what they say." They went to them and asked them, and they both said, "There is no harm in eating it " They returned to Marwan and told him. Marwan said, "I told you." Malik said that there was no harm in eating fish caught by magians, because the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "In the sea's water is purity, and that which is dead in it is halal. " Malik said, "If it is eaten when it is dead, there is no harm in who catches it."


Meat from Christians and Jews

In Surah 5:5 of the Qur'an, it is written: "The food of the People of the Book [Jews and Christians] is lawful for you as your food is lawful for them." Interpretation of this verse cannot and should not be oversimplified to include any food of the People of the Book as lawful for the Muslims. Just as pork offered by a Christian cannot be lawful for the Muslims, similarly carrion offered by a Muslim[disputed cannot be lawful for the People of the Book. Thus the lawful food prescribed for the People of the Book is lawful for the Muslims, subject to the express restrictions as reiterated in 6:145 and 16:115, particularly about mentioning Allah's name at the time of slaughtering. The word 'a'am is the verbal noun of the root 'a'ama meaning food, including crops, fruits, meat, vegetables, etc. Since the permitted and prohibited food are connected to the manner an animal meat is prepared, evidently the word 'a'am refers to animals slaughtered by the People of the Book, provided that during the time of slaughtering Allah's name is invoked (6:121). The requirement to invoke Allah's name is a must. In other words the word 'a'am refers to dhabiah meat; i.e., the meat prepared after slaughtering an animal by cutting the throat (jugular vein, carotid arteries, and trachea) and during slaughtering Allâh's name is invoked (Ibn Abbas, Mujahid, Ikrimah - all quoted by abari, Ibn Kathir).


Some scholars from the Muslim world agree that this verse speaks about the Christians of Muhammad's time and say that Christian methods of slaughtering and consumption have drastically changed over time as the diet played lesser importance in the daily practice of Christians.They also point to Deuteronomy, chapter 14, verse 8, in the Bible, which says "Thou shall not eat of the swine nor shall you touch its dead carcasses." Pork and pork related products, which are forbidden in Islam, are consumed by Christians and used widely in food and food products. Kosher meats, which are consumed by Jews, are permissible if no halal meat is available. This is due to the similarity between both methods of slaughtering and the similar principles of kosher meat which are still observed by the observant Jews today.


Exception if no Halal is available. If there is absolutely no other Halal food available and the Muslim is forced by necessity, then a Muslim is allowed to eat Non-Halal food.


Verses from the Quran on 'Food, Meals'


1. Surah Al-Mumenoon (23), verse 51. O ye messengers! Enjoy (all) things good and pure, and work righteousness: for I am well-acquainted with (all) that ye do.


2. Surah Al Baqara (2), Verse 168. O ye people! Eat of what is on earth, lawful and good; and do not follow the footsteps of Satan for he is to you an avowed enemy.


3. Surah Al Baqara (2), Verse 172. O ye who believe! Eat of the good things that We have provided for you and be grateful to Allah if it is Him ye worship.


4. Surah Al Maeeda (5), Verse 88. Eat of the things which Allah hath provided for you, lawful and good: but fear Allah, in Whom ye believe.


5. Surah Al Anaam (6), Verse 142. Of the cattle are some for burden and some for meat, eat what Allah hath provided for you, and follow not the footsteps of Satan: for he is to you an avowed enemy.


6. Surah An Nahl(16), Verse 114. So eat of the sustenance which Allah has provided for you, lawful and good; and be grateful for the favours of Allah, if it is He whom ye serve.


7. Surah Al Maeeda (5), Verse 93. On those who believe and do deeds of righteousness there is no blame for what they ate (in the past) when they guard themselves from evil, and believe, and do deeds of righteousness? (or) again, guard themselves from evil and do good. For Allah loveth those who do good.

8. Surah Al Maeeda (5), Verse 96. Lawful to you is the pursuit of water-game and its use for food? for the benefit of yourselves and those who travel; but forbidden is the pursuit of land-game:? as long as ye are in the Sacred Precincts or in pilgrim garb. And fear Allah, to whom ye shall be gathered back.

9. Surah Al Baqara (2), Verse 173. He hath only forbidden you dead meat, and blood and the flesh of swine, and that on which any other name hath been invoked besides that of Allah. But if one is forced by necessity without wilful disobedience, nor transgressing due limits?then is he guiltless. For Allah is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful.

10. Surah Al Maeeda (5)), Verse. 3. Forbidden to you (for food) are: dead meat, blood the flesh of swine, and that on which hath been invoked the name of other than Allah, that which hath been killed by strangling, or by a violent blow, or by a headlong fall, or by being gored to death; that which hath been (partly) eaten by a wild animal; unless ye are able to slaughter it (in due form); that which is sacrificed on stone (altars); (forbidden) also is the division (of meat) by raffling with arrows: that is impiety. This day have those who reject Faith given up all hope of your religion: yet fear them not but fear Me. This day have I perfected your religion for you, completed my favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion. But if any is forced by hunger, with no inclination to transgression, Allah is indeed Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful.

11. Surah Al Anaam(6), Verse 145, Say: "I find not in the Message received by me by inspiration any (meat) forbidden to be eaten by one who wishes to eat it, unless it be dead meat, or blood poured forth, or the flesh of swine? for it is an abomination or what is impious, (meat) on which a name has been invoked, other than Allah's." But (even so) if a person is forced by necessity, without wilful disobedience nor transgressing due limits? thy Lord is Oft-

12. Surah An Nahl (16), Verse 115. He has only forbidden you dead meat, and blood, and the flesh of swine, and any (food) over which the name of other than Allah has been invoked. But if one is forced by necessity, without willful disobedience nor transgressing due limits? then Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

13. Surah Al Baqara (2), Verse 219. They ask thee concerning wine and gambling. Say: "In them is great sin, and some profit for men; but the sin is greater than the profit." They ask thee how much they are to spend; say: "What is beyond your needs." Thus doth Allah make clear to you His Signs: in order that ye may consider.

14. Surah Al Meada (5), Verse 90. O ye who believe! Intoxicants and gambling, (dedication of) stones, and (divination by) arrows, are an abomination? of Satan's handiwork: eschew such (abomination), that ye may prosper.

15. Surah Al Meada (5), Verse 91. Satan's plan is (but) to excite enmity and hatred between you, with intoxicants and gambling, and hinder you from the remembrance of Allah, and from prayer: will ye not then abstain?

16. Surah An Anaam (6), Verse 118. Eat of that over which the name of Allah hath been mentioned, if ye are believers in So eat of (meats) on which Allah's name hath been pronounced, if ye have faith in His Signs.

17. Surah An Anaam (6), Verse 119. Why should ye not eat of (meats) on which Allah's name hath been pronounced, when He hath explained to you in detail what is forbidden to you,? except under compulsion of necessity? But many do mislead (men) by their appetites unchecked by knowledge. Thy Lord knoweth best those who transgress.

18. Surah An Anaam (6), Verse 121. Eat not of (meats) on which Allah's name hath not been pronounced: that would be impiety. But the evil ones ever inspire their friends to contend with you; if ye were to obey them, ye would indeed be pagans.

19. Surah Al Maeeda (5), verse 87. O ye who believe! Make not unlawful the good things which Allah hath made lawful for you but commit no excess: for Allah loveth not those given to excess.

20. Surah Yunus (10), Verse 59. Say: "See ye what things Allah hath sent down to you for sustenance? Yet ye hold forbidden some things thereof and (some things) lawful." Say: "Hath Allah indeed permitted you, or do ye invent (things) to attribute to Allah?"

21. Surah An Nahl(16), Verse 116. But say not? for any false thing that your tongues may put forth? "This is lawful, and this is forbidden," so as to ascribe false things to Allah. For those who ascribe false things to Allah will never prosper.

22. Surah An Nahl (16), Verse 35. The worshippers of false gods say: "If Allah had so willed, we should not have worshipped aught but Him? neither we nor our fathers? nor should we have prescribed prohibitions other than His." So did those who went before them. But what is the mission of messengers but to preach the Clear Message?

23. Surah Al Anaam (6), Verse 140. Lost are those who slay their children, from folly, without knowledge and forbid food which Allah hath provided for them, inventing (lies) against Allah. They have indeed gone astray and heeded no guidance.

24. Surah Al Maeda (5), Verse 4. They ask thee what is lawful to them (as food): say: Lawful unto you are (all) things good and pure: and what ye have taught your trained hunting animals (to catch) in the manner directed to you by Allah; eat what they catch for you, but pronounce the name of Allah over it: and fear Allah; for Allah is swift in taking account.

25. Surah Yunus (10), Verse 24, The likeness of the life of the present is as the rain which We send down from the skies: by its mingling arises the produce of the earth? which provides food for men and animals: (it grows) till the earth is clad with its golden ornaments and is decked out (in beauty): the people to whom it belongs think they have all powers of disposal over it: there reaches it Our command by night or by day, and We make it like a harvest clean-mown, as if it had not flourished only the day before! Thus do We explain the Signs in detail for those who reflect.

26. Surah An Nahl (16), Verse 5. And cattle He has created for you (men): from them ye derive warmth, and numerous benefits, and of their (meat) ye eat.

27. Surah An Nahl (16), Verse 14. It is He Who has made the sea subject, that ye may eat thereof flesh that is fresh and tender, and that ye may extract therefrom ornaments to wear; and thou seest the ships therein that plough the waves, that ye may seek (thus) of the bounty of Allah and that ye may be grateful.

28. Surah Ta-Ha (20), Verse 54. Eat (for yourselves) and pasture your cattle: verily, in this are Signs for men endued with understanding.

29. Surah Ta-Ha (20), Verse 81. (Saying): "Eat of the good things We have provided for your sustenance, but commit no excess therein, lest My Wrath should justly descend on you: and those on whom descends My Wrath do perish indeed!

30. Surah An Anaam (6), Verse 141, It is He who produceth gardens, with trellises and without, and dates, and tilth with produce of all kinds and olives and pomegranates, similar (in kind) and different (in variety): eat of their fruit in their season, but render the dues that are proper on the day that the harvest is gathered. But waste not by excess: for Allah loveth not the wasters.

31. Surah Al Mumenoon (23), Verse 19. With it We grow for you gardens of date-palms and vines: in them have ye abundant fruits: and of them ye eat (and have enjoyment)?

32. Surah Fatir (35), Verse 12. Nor are the two bodies of flowing water alike? the one palatable, sweet, and pleasant to drink, and the other salty and bitter. Yet from each (kind of water) do ye eat flesh fresh and tender and ye extract ornaments to wear; and thou seest the ships therein that plough the waves, that ye may seek (thus) of the Bounty of Allah that ye may be grateful.

33. Surah Ghafir (40), Verse 79. It is Allah Who made cattle for you, that ye may use some for riding and some for food;

34. Surah Al Araf (7), Verse 31, O children of Adam! wear your beautiful apparel at every time and place of prayer: eat and drink: but waste not by excess for Allah loveth not the wasters.

35. Surah Al Baqara (2), Verse 22, Who has made the earth your couch, and the heavens your canopy; and sent down rain from the heavens; and brought forth therewith fruits for your sustenance; then set not up rivals unto Allah when ye know (the truth).

36. Surah Al Baqara (2), Verse 57. And We gave You the shade of clouds and sent down to you manna and quails saying: "Eat of the good things We have provided for you"; (but they rebelled); to Us they did no harm but they harmed their own souls.

37. Surah An Anaam (6), Verse 99, It is He who sendeth down rain from the skies: with it We produce vegetation of all kinds: from some We produce green (crops), out of which We produce grain, heaped up (at harvest); out of the date-palm and its sheaths (or spathes) (come) clusters of dates hanging low and near: and (then there are) gardens of grapes, and olives, and pomegranates each similar (in kind) yet different (in variety): when they begin to bear fruit, feast your eyes with the fruit and the ripeness thereof. Behold! in these things there are signs for people who believe.

38. Surah Al Araf (7), 57. It is He who sendeth the winds like heralds of glad tidings going before His Mercy: when they have carried the heavy-laden clouds, We drive them to a land that is dead, make rain to descend thereon, and produce every kind of harvest therewith: thus shall We raise up the dead: perchance ye may remember.

39. Surah Al Rad (13), Verse 4, And in the earth are tracts (diverse though) neighbouring, and gardens of vines and fields sown with corn, and palm trees? growing out of single roots or otherwise: watered with the same water, yet some of them We make more excellent than others to eat. Behold, verily in these things there are Signs for those who understand!

40. Surah Al Rad (13), Verse 17, He sends down water from the skies, and the channels flow, each according to its measure: but the torrent bears away the foam that mounts up to the surface. Even so, from that (ore) which they heat in the fire, to make ornaments or utensils therewith there is a scum likewise. Thus doth Allah (by parables) show forth Truth and Vanity: For the scum disappears like froth cast out; while that which is for the good of mankind remains on the earth. Thus doth Allah set forth parables.

41. Surah Ibrahim (14), Verse 32. It is Allah Who hath created the heavens and the earth and sendeth down rain from the skies and with it bringeth out fruits wherewith to feed you; it is He Who hath made the ships subject to you that they may sail through the sea by His command; and the rivers (also) hath He made subject to you.

42. Sura An Nahl (16), Verse 10. It is He Who sends down rain from the sky: from it ye drink, and out of it (grows) the vegetation on which ye feed your cattle.

43. Surah Ta-Ha (20), Verse 53. "He Who has made for you the earth like a carpet spread out; has enabled you to go about therein by roads (and channels); and has sent down water from the sky." With it have We produced divers pairs of plants each separate from the others.

44. Surah Al Naml (27), Verse 60. Or who has created the heaven and the earth, and who sends you down rain from the sky? Yea, with it We cause to grow well-planted orchards full of beauty and delight: it is not in your power to cause the growth of the trees in them. (Can there be another) god besides Allah? Nay they are a people who swerve from justice.

45. Surah An Nahl (16). Verse. 66. And verily in cattle (too) will ye find an instructive Sign. From what is within their bodies, between excretions and blood, We produce for your drink, milk, pure and agreeable to those who drink it.

46. Surah Ta-Ha (20), Verse 54. Eat (for yourselves) and pasture your cattle: verily, in this are Signs for men endued with understanding.

47. Surah Al Mumenoon (23), Verse 21. And in cattle (too) ye have an instructive example: from within their bodies We produce (milk) for you to drink; there are, in them (besides) numerous (other) benefits for you; and of their (meat) ye eat;

48. Surah Ghafir (40), Verse 79. It is Allah Who made cattle for you, that ye may use some for riding and some for food;

 

Hadiths on 'Food, Meals' of Sahih Bukhari and Others


Hadiths on 'Food, Meals' of Sahih Bukhari


1. Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ash'ari: The Prophet said, "Give food to the hungry, pay a visit to the sick and release (set free) the one in captivity (by paying his ransom)."

3. Narrated 'Umar bin Abi Salama: I was a boy under the care of Allah's Apostle and my hand used to go around the dish while I was eating. So Allah's Apostle said to me, 'O boy! Mention the Name of Allah and eat with your right hand, and eat of the dish what is nearer to you." Since then I have applied those instructions when eating.

4. Narrated 'Umar bin Al Salama: Who was the son of Um Salama, the wife of the Prophet: Once I ate a meal with Allah's Apostle and I was eating from all sides of the dish. So Allah's Apostle said to me, "Eat of the dish what is nearer to you."

5. Narrated Wahb bin Kaisan Abi Nu'aim: A meal was brought to Allah's Apostle while his step-son, 'Umar bin Abi Salama was with him. Allah's Apostle said to him, "Mention the Name of Allah and eat of the dish what is nearer to you."

6. Narrated Anas bin Malik: A tailor invited Allah's Apostle to a meal which he had prepared. I went along with Allah's Apostle and saw him seeking to eat the pieces of gourd from the various sides of the dish. Since that day I have liked to eat gourd. 'Umar bin Abi Salama said: The Prophet, said to me, "Eat with your right hand."

7. Narrated 'Aisha: The Prophet used to love to start doing things from the right side whenever possible,in performing ablution, putting on his shoes, and combing his hair. (Al-Ash'ath said: The Prophet used to do so in all his affairs.)

8. Narrated Anas bin Malik: Abu Talha said to Um Sulaim, "I have heard the voice of Allah's Apostle which was feeble, and I think that he is hungry. Have you got something (to eat)?" She took out some loaves of barley bread, then took her face-covering sheet and wrapped the bread in part of it, and pushed it under my garment and turned the rest of it around my body and sent me to Allah's Apostle . I went with that, and found Allah's Apostle in the mosque with some people. I stood up near them, and Allah's Apostle asked me, "Have you been sent by Abu Talha?" I said, "Yes." He asked, "With some food (for us)?" I said, "Yes." Then Allah's Apostle said to all those who were with him, "Get up!" He set out (and all the people accompanied him) and I proceeded ahead of them till I came to Abu Talha. Abu Talha then said, "O Um Sulaim! Allah's Apostle has arrived along with the people, and we do not have food enough to feed them all." She said, "Allah and His Apostle know better." So Abu Talha went out till he met Allah's Apostle. Then Abu Talha and Allah's Apostle came and entered the house. Allah's Apostle said, "Um Sulaim ! Bring whatever you have." She brought that very bread. The Prophet ordered that it be crushed into small pieces, and Um Sulaim pressed a skin of butter on it. Then Allah's Apostle said whatever Allah wished him to say (to bless the food) and then added, "Admit ten (men)." So they were admitted, ate their fill and went out. The Prophet then said, "Admit ten (more)." They were admitted, ate their full, and went out. He then again said, "Admit ten more!" They were admitted, ate their fill, and went out. He admitted ten more, and so all those people ate their fill, and they were eighty men.

9. Narrated 'Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Bakr: We were one hundred and thirty men sitting with the Prophet. The Prophet said, "Have anyone of you any food with him?" It happened that one man had one Sa of wheat flour (or so) which was turned into dough then. After a while a tall lanky pagan came, driving some sheep. The Prophet asked, 'Will you sell us (a sheep), or give (it to) us as a gift?" The pagan said, "No, but I will sell it " So the Prophet bought from him a sheep which was slaughtered, and then the Prophet ordered that the liver, the kidneys, lungs and heart, etc., of that sheep be roasted. By Allah, none of those one hundred and thirty men but had his share of those things. The Prophet gave to those who were present, and also kept a share for those who were absent He then served that cooked sheep in two big trays and we all ate together our fill; yet there remained a part of it in those two trays which I carried on the camel.

10. Narrated 'Aisha : The Prophet died when we had satisfied our hunger with the two black things, i.e. dates and water.

11. Narrated Suwaid bin An-Nu'man: We went out with Allah's Apostle to Khaibar, and when we were at As-Sahba', (Yahya, a sub-narrator said, "As-Sahba' is a place at a distance of one day's journey to Khaibar)." Allah's Apostle asked the people to bring their food, but there was nothing with the people except Sawiq (powdered barley). So we all chewed and ate of it. Then the Prophet asked for some water and he rinsed his mouth, and we too, rinsed our mouths. Then he led us in the Maghrib prayer without performing ablution (again).

12. Narrated Qatada: We were in the company of Anas whose baker was with him. Anas said, The Prophet did not eat thin bread, or a roasted sheep till he met Allah (died).

13. Narrated Anas: To the best of my knowledge, the Prophet did not take his meals in a big tray at all, nor did he ever eat well-baked thin bread, nor did he ever eat at a dining table.

14. Narrated Anas: The Prophet halted to consummate his marriage with Safiyya. I invited the Muslims to his wedding banquet. He ordered that leather dining sheets be spread. Then dates, dried yoghurt and butter were put on those sheets. Anas added: The Prophet consummated his marriage with Safiyya (during a journey) whereupon Hais (sweet dish) was served on a leather dining sheet.

15. Narrated Wahb bin Kaisan: The People of Sham taunted 'Abdullah bin Az-Zubair by calling him "The son of Dhatin-Nataqain" (the woman who has two waist-belts). (His mother) (Asma, said to him, "O my son! They taunt you with "Nataqain". Do you know what the Nataqain were? That was my waist-belt which I divided in two parts. I tied the water skin of Allah's Apostle with one part, and with the other part I tied his food container."

16. Narrated Ibn 'Abbas: that his aunt, Um Hufaid bint Al-Harith bin Hazn, presented to the Prophet butter, dried yoghurt and mastigures (dabb lizard). The Prophet invited the people to those mastigures and they were eaten on his dining sheet, but the Prophet did not eat of it, as if he disliked it. Nevertheless. if it was unlawful to eat that, the people would not have eaten it on the dining sheet of the Prophet nor would he have ordered that they be eaten.

17. Narrated Suwaid bin An-Nu'man: that while they were with the Prophet at As-Sahba' which was at a distance of one day's journey from Khaibar the prayer became due, and the Prophet asked the people for food but there was nothing with the people except Sawiq (powdered barley). He ate of it and we ate along with him, and then he asked for water and rinsed his mouth (with it), and then offered the (Maghrib) prayer and we too offered the prayer but the Prophet did not perform ablution (again after eating the Sawiq.).

18. Narrated Khalid bin Al-Walid: That he went with Allah's Apostle to the house of Maimuna, who was his and Ibn 'Abbas' aunt. He found with her a roasted mastigure (dabb lizard) which her sister Hufaida bint Al-Harith had brought from Najd. Maimuna presented the mastigure before Allah's Apostle who rarely started eating any (unfamiliar) food before it was described and named for him. (But that time) Allah's Apostle stretched his hand towards the (meat of the) mastigure whereupon a lady from among those who were present, said, "You should inform Allah's Apostle of what you have presented to him. O Allah's Apostle! It is the meat of a mastigure." (On learning that) Allah's Apostle withdrew his hand from the meat of the mastigure. Khalid bin Al-Walid said, "O Allah's Apostle! Is this unlawful to eat?" Allah's Apostle replied, "No, but it is not found in the land of my people, so I do not like it." Khalid said, "Then I pulled the mastigure (meat) towards me and ate it while Allah's Apostle was looking at me.

19. Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "The food for two persons is sufficient for three, and the food of three persons is sufficient for four persons."

20. Narrated Nafi': Ibn 'Umar never used to take his meal unless a poor man was called to eat with. One day I brought a poor man to eat with him, the man ate too much, whereupon Ibn 'Umar said, "O Nafi'! Don't let this man enter my house, for I heard the Prophet saying, "A believer eats in one intestine (is satisfied with a little food), and a kafir (unbeliever) eats in seven intestines (eats much food)."

21. Narrated Ibn 'Umar: Allah's Apostle said, "A believer eats in one intestine (is satisfied with a little food), and a kafir (unbeliever) or a hypocrite eats in seven intestines (eats too much)."

22. Narrated 'Amr: Abu Nahik was avaricious eater. Ibn 'Umar said to him, "Allah's Apostle said, "A Kafir (unbeliever) eats in seven intestines (eats much)." On that Abu Nahik said, "But I believe in Allah and His Apostle ."

23. Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "A Muslim eats in one intestine (i.e. he is satisfied with a little food) while a Kafir (unbeliever) eats in seven intestines (eats much)."

24. Narrated Abu Huraira: A man used to eat much, but when he embraced Islam, he started eating less. That was mentioned to the Prophet who then said, "A believer eats in one intestine (is satisfied with a little food) and a Kafir eats in seven intestines (eats much)."

25, Narrated Abu Mas'ud Al-Ansari: There was an Ansari man nicknamed, Abu Shu'aib, who had a slave who was a butcher. He came to the Prophet while he was sitting with his companions and noticed the signs of hunger on the face of the Prophet . So he went to his butcher slave and said, "Prepare for me a meal sufficient for five persons so that I may invite the Prophet along with four other men." He had the meal prepared for him and invited him. A (sixth) man followed them. The Prophet said, "O Abu Shu'aib! Another man has followed us. If you wish, you may invite him; and if you wish, you may refuse him." Abu Shu'aib said, "No, I will admit him."

26. Narrated 'Amr bin Umaiyya: that he saw Allah's Apostle cutting a piece of mutton from its shoulder part he was carrying in his hand. When he was called for prayer, he put it down and the knife with which he was cutting it. Then he stood up and offered the prayer without performing new ablution.

27. Narrated Khalid bin Al-Walid: "A roasted mastigure (dabb lizard) was brought to the Prophet who stretched his hand towards it to eat it. But it was said to him, "It is a mastigure." So he withdrew his hand. Khalid asked, "Is it unlawful to eat?" the Prophet said, "No, but it is not found in the land of my people and that is why I do not like eating it." So Khalid started eating (it) while Allah's Apostle was looking at him. An-Nadr said: 'Al-Khazira' (is prepared) from bran while 'Al-Harira' is prepared from milk.

28. Narrated 'Urban bin Malik: who attended the Badr battle and was from the Ansar, that he came to the Prophet and said, "O Allah's Apostle! I have lost my eyesight and I lead my people in the prayer (as an Imam). When it rains, the valley which is between me and my people, flows with water, and then I cannot go to their mosque to lead them in the prayer. O Allah's Apostle! I wish that you could come and pray in my house so that I may take it as a praying place. The Prophet said, "Allah willing, I will do that." The next morning, soon after the sun had risen, Allah's Apostle came with Abu Bakr. The Prophet asked for the permission to enter and I admitted him. The Prophet had not sat till he had entered the house and said to me, "Where do you like me to pray in your house?" I pointed at a place in my house whereupon he stood and said, "Allahu Akbar." We lined behind him and he prayed two Rakat and finished it with Taslim (reciting the salam). We then requested him to stay for a special meal of Khazira (a dish of bran in meat broth), which we had prepared. A large number of men from the adjoining area gathered in the house. One of them said, "Where is Malik bin Ad-Dukhshun?" Another man said, "He is a hypocrite and does not love Allah and His Apostle." The Prophet said, "Do not say so. Do you not think that he has said: "None has the right to be worshipped but Allah," seeking Allah's pleasure? The man said, "Allah and His Apostle know better, but we have always seen him mixing with hypocrites and giving them advice." The Prophet said, "Allah has forbidden the (Hell) Fire for those who testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, seeking Allah's pleasure. "

29. Narrated Ibn 'Abbas: My aunt presented (roasted) mastigures, Iqt and milk to the Prophet. The mastigures were put on his dining sheet, and if it was unlawful to eat, it would not have been put there. The Prophet drank the milk and ate the Iqt only.

30. Narrated Sahl bin Sad: We used to be happy on Fridays, for there was an old lady who used to pull out the roots of Silq I a kind of vegetable) and put it in a cooking pot with some barley. When we had finished the prayer, we would visit her and she would present that dish before us. So we used to be happy on Fridays because of that, and we never used to take our meals or have a mid-day nap except after the Friday prayer. By Allah, that meal contained no fat.

31. Narrated Ibn 'Abbas: The Prophet ate of the meat of a shoulder (by cutting the meat with his teeth), and then got up and offered the prayer without performing the ablution anew. Narrated Ibn 'Abbas: The Prophet took out a bone with meat on it from a cooking pot and ate of it, and then offered the prayer without performing ablution anew.

32. Narrated Abu Qatada: Once, while I was sitting with the companions of the Prophet at a station on the road to Mecca and Allah's Apostle was stationing ahead of us and all the people were assuming Ihram while I was not. My companion, saw an onager ( a wild ass) while I was busy Mending my shoes. They did not Inform me of the onager but they wished that I would see it Suddenly I looked and saw the onager Then I headed towards my horse, saddled it and rode, but I forgot to take the lash and the spear. So I said to them my companions), "Give me the lash and the spear." But they said, "No, by Allah we will not help you in any way to hunt it ' I got angry, dismounted, took it the spear and the lash), rode (the horse chased the onager and wounded it Then I brought it when it had dyed. My companions started eating of its (cooked) meat, but they suspected that it might be unlawful to eat of its meat while they were in a state of Ihram Then I proceeded further and I kept one of its forelegs with me. When we met Allah's Apostle we asked him about that. He said, "Have you some of its meat with you?" I gave him that foreleg and he ate the meat till he stripped the bone of its flesh although he was in a state of Ihram.

33. Narrated 'Amr bin Umaiyya that he saw the Prophet holding a shoulder piece of mutton in his hand and cutting part of it with a knife. Then he was called for the prayer whereupon he put down the shoulder piece and the knife with which he was cutting it, and then stood for prayer without performing ablution again.

34. Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet never criticized any food (he was invited to) but he used to eat if he liked the food, and leave it if he disliked.

35. Narrated Abu Hazim: that he asked Sahl, "Did you use white flour during the lifetime of the Prophet ?" Sahl replied, "No. Hazim asked, "Did you use to sift barley flour?" He said, "No, but we used to blow off the husk (of the barley)."

36. Narrated Abu Huraira: Once the Prophet distributed dates among his companions and gave each one seven dates. He gave me seven dates too, one of which was dry and hard, but none of the other dates was more liked by me than that one, for it prolonged my chewing it.

37. Narrated Sad: I was one of (the first) seven (who had embraced Islam) with Allah's Apostle and we had nothing to eat then, except the leaves of the Habala or Hubula tree, so that our stool used to be similar to that of sheep. Now the tribe of Bani Asad wants to teach me Islam; I would be a loser and all my efforts would be in vain (if I learn Islam anew from them).

38. Narrated Abu Hazim: I asked Sahl bin Sad, "Did Allah's Apostle ever eat white flour?" Sahl said, "Allah's Apostle never saw white flour since Allah sent him as an Apostle till He took him unto Him." I asked, "Did the people have (use) sieves during the lifetime of Allah's Apostle?" Sahl said, "Allah's Apostle never saw (used) a sieve since Allah sent him as an Apostle until He took him unto Him," I said, "How could you eat barley unsifted?" he said, "We used to grind it and then blow off its husk, and after the husk flew away, we used to prepare the dough (bake) and eat it."

39. Narrated Abu Huraira: that he passed by a group of people in front of whom there was a roasted sheep. They invited him but he refused to eat and said, "Allah's Apostle left this world without satisfying his hunger even with barley bread."

40. Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet never took his meals at a dining table, nor in small plates, and he never ate thin well-baked bread. (The sub-narrator asked Qatada, "Over what did they use to take their meals?" Qatada said, "On leather dining sheets."

41. Narrated 'Aisha: The family of Muhammad had not eaten wheat bread to their satisfaction for three consecutive days since his arrival at Medina till he died.

42. Narrated 'Aisha: (the wife of the Prophet) that whenever one of her relatives died, the women assembled and then dispersed (returned to their houses) except her relatives and close friends. She would order that a pot of Talbina be cooked. Then Tharid (a dish prepared from meat and bread) would be prepared and the Talbina would be poured on it. 'Aisha would say (to the women),"Eat of it, for I heard Allah's Apostle saying, 'The Talbina soothes the heart of the patient and relieves him from some of his sadness.' "

43. Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ash'ari: The Prophet said, "Many men reached perfection but none among the women reached perfection except Mary, the daughter of ' Imran, and Asia, Pharoah's wife. And the superiority of 'Aisha to other women is like the superiority of Tharid to other kinds of food.

44. Narrated Anas: The Prophet said, "The superiority of 'Aisha to other women is like the superiority of Tharid to other kinds of food."

45. Narrated Qatada: We used to visit Anas bin Malik while his baker was standing (and baking). Anas would say, "Eat! I do not know that the Prophet had ever seen well-baked bread till he met Allah, nor had he ever seen a roasted sheep with his own eyes."

46. Narrated 'Amr bin Umaiyay Ad-Damri: I saw Allah's Apostle cutting part of the shoulder of mutton with a knife. He ate of it and then was called for prayer whereupon he got up and put down the knife and offered the prayer without performing new ablution.

47. Narrated 'Abis: I asked 'Aisha "Did the Prophet forbid eating the meat of sacrifices offered on 'Id-ul-Adha for more than three days" She said, "The Prophet did not do this except in the year when the people were hungry, so he wanted the rich to feed the poor. But later we used to store even a trotter of a sheep to eat it fifteen days later." She was asked, "What compelled you to do so?" She smiled and said, "The family of Muhammad did not eat to their satisfaction white bread with meat soup for three successive days till he met Allah."

48. Narrated Jabir: We used to carry the meat of the Hadis (sacrificed animals) to Medina during the life-time of the Prophet .

49. Narrated Anas bin Malik: Allah's Apostle said to Abu Talha, "Seek one of your boys to serve me." Abu Talha mounted me behind him (on his riding animal) and took me (to the Prophet ). So I used to serve Allah's Apostle whenever he dismounted (to stay somewhere). I used to hear him saying very often, "O Allah! I seek refuge with You from, having worries sadness, helplessness, laziness, miserliness, cowardice, from being heavily in debt and from being overpowered by other persons unjustly." I kept on serving till we -returned from the battle of Khaibar. The Prophet then brought Safiyya bint Huyai whom he had won from the war booty. I saw him folding up a gown or a garment for her to sit on behind him (on his she-camel). When he reached As-Sahba', he prepared Hais and placed it on a dining sheet. Then he sent me to invite men, who (came and) ate; and that was his and Safiyya's wedding banquet. Then the Prophet proceeded, and when he saw (noticed) the mountain of Uhud, he said, "This mountain loves us, and we love it." When we approached Medina, he said, "O Allah! I make the area between its two mountains a sanctuary as Abraham has made Mecca a sanctuary. O Allah! Bless their Mudd and Sa (special kinds of measure)."

50. Narrated 'Abdur-Rahman bin Abi Laila: We were sitting in the company of Hudhaifa who asked for water and a Magian brought him water. But when he placed the cup in his hand, he threw it at him and said, "Had I not forbidden him to do so more than once or twice?" He wanted to say, "I would not have done so," adding, "but I heard the Prophet saying, "Do not wear silk or Dibaja, and do not drink in silver or golden vessels, and do not eat in plates of such metals, for such things are for the unbelievers in this worldly life and for us in the Hereafter."

51. Narrated .Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "When your servant brings your food to you, if you do not ask him to join you, then at least ask him to take one or two handfuls, for he has suffered from its heat (while cooking it) and has taken pains to cook it nicely."

52. Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Traveling is a kind of torture, as it prevents one from sleeping and eating! So when one has finished his job, he should return quickly to his family."

53. Narrated Qasim bin Muhammad: Three traditions have been established because of Barira: 'Aisha intended to buy her and set her free, but Barira's masters said, "Her wala' will be for us." 'Aisha mentioned that to Allah's Apostle who said, "You could accept their condition if you wished, for the wala is for the one who manumits the slave." Barira was manumitted, then she was given the choice either to stay with her husband or leave him; One day Allah's Apostle entered 'Aisha's house while there was a cooking pot of food boiling on the fire. The Prophet asked for lunch, and he was presented with bread and some extra food from the home-made Udm (e.g. soup). He asked, "Don't I see meat (being cooked)?" They said, "Yes, O Allah's Apostle! But it is the meat that has been given to Barira in charity and she has given it to us as a present." He said, "For Barira it is alms, but for us it is a present."

54. Narrated 'Aisha: Allah's Apostle used to love sweet edible things and honey.

55. Narrated Abu Huraira: I used to accompany Allah's Apostle to fill my stomach; and that was when I did not eat baked bread, nor wear silk. Neither a male nor a female slave used to serve me, and I used to bind stones over my belly and ask somebody to recite a Quranic Verse for me though I knew it, so that he might take me to his house and feed me. Ja'far bin Abi Talib was very kind to the poor, and he used to take us and feed us with what ever was available in his house, (and if nothing was available), he used to give us the empty (honey or butter) skin which we would tear and lick whatever was in it.

56. Narrated Abu Mas'ud Al-Ansari: There was a man called Abu Shu'aib, and he had a slave who was a butcher. He said (to his slave), "Prepare a meal to which I may invite Allah's Apostle along with four other men." So he invited Allah's Apostle and four other men, but another man followed them whereupon the Prophet said, "You have invited me as one of five guests, but now another man has followed us. If you wish you can admit him, and if you wish you can refuse him." On that the host said, "But I admit him." Narrated Muhammad bin Isma'il: If guests are sitting at a dining table, they do not have the right to carry food from other tables to theirs, but they can pass on food from their own table to each other; otherwise they should leave it.

57. Narrated Anas: I was a young boy when I once was walking with Allah's Apostle . Allah's Apostle entered the house of his slave tailor and the latter brought a dish filled with food covered with pieces of gourd. Allah's Apostle started picking and eating the gourd. When I saw that, I started collecting and placing the gourd before him. Then the slave returned to his work. Anas added: I have kept on loving gourd since I saw Allah's Apostle doing what he was doing.

58. Narrated 'Aisha: The Prophet did not do that (i.e., forbade the storage of the meat of sacrifices for three days) except (he did so) so that the rich would feed the poor. But later we used to keep even trotters to cook, fifteen days later. The family of Muhammad did not eat wheat bread with meat or soup to their satisfaction for three successive days.

59. Narrated 'Abdullah bin Ja'far bin Abi Talib: I saw Allah's Apostle eating fresh dates with snake cucumber.

60. Narrated Abu 'Uthman: I was a guest of Abu Huraira for seven days. Abu Huraira, his wife and his slave used to get up and remain awake for one-third of the night by turns. Each would offer the night prayer and then awaken the other. I heard Abu Huraira saying, "Allah's Apostle distributed dates among his companions and my share was seven dates, one of which was a Hashafa (a date which dried on the tree before it was fully ripe).

61. Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet distributed dates among us, and my share was five dates, four of which were good, and one was a ,Hashafa, and I found the Hashafa the hardest for my teeth.

62. Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah: There was a Jew in Medina who used to lend me money up to the season of plucking dates. (Jabir had a piece of land which was on the way to Ruma). That year the land was not promising, so the payment of the debt was delayed one year. The Jew came to me at the time of plucking, but gathered nothing from my land. I asked him to give me one year respite, but he refused. This news reached the Prophet whereupon he said to his companions, "Let us go and ask the Jew for respite for Jabir." All of them came to me in my garden, and the Prophet started speaking to the Jew, but he Jew said, "O Abu Qasim! I will not grant him respite." When the Prophet saw the Jew's attitude, he stood up and walked all around the garden and came again and talked to the Jew, but the Jew refused his request. I got up and brought some ripe fresh dates and put it in front of the Prophet. He ate and then said to me, "Where is your hut, O Jabir?" I informed him, and he said, "Spread out a bed for me in it." I spread out a bed, and he entered and slept. When he woke up, I brought some dates to him again and he ate of it and then got up and talked to the Jew again, but the Jew again refused his request. Then the Prophet got up for the second time amidst the palm trees loaded with fresh dates, and said, "O Jabir! Pluck dates to repay your debt." The Jew remained with me while I was plucking the dates, till I paid him all his right, yet there remained extra quantity of dates. So I went out and proceeded till I reached the Prophet and informed him of the good news, whereupon he said, "I testify that I am Allah's Apostle."

63. Narrated 'Abdullah bin Umar: While we were sitting with the Prophet a spadix of palm tree was brought to him. The Prophet said, "There is a tree among the trees which is as blessed as a Muslim" I thought that it was the date palm tree and intended to say, "It is the date-palm tree, O Allah's Apostle!" but I looked behind to see that I was the tenth and youngest of ten men present there, so I kept quiet' Then the Prophet said, "It is the datepalm tree."

64. Narrated Sad: Allah's Apostle said, "He who eats seven 'Ajwa dates every morning, will not be affected by poison or magic on the day he eats them."

65. Narrated Jabala bin Suhaim. At the time of Ibn Az-Zubair, we were struck with famine, and he provided us with dates for our food. 'Abdullah bin 'Umar used to pass by us while we were eating, and say, "Do not eat two dates together at a time, for the Prophet forbade the taking of two dates together at a time (in a gathering)." Ibn 'Umar used to add, "Unless one takes the permission of one's companions."

66. Narrated Ibn 'Umar: The Prophet said, "There is a tree among the trees which is similar to a Muslim (in goodness), and that is the date palm tree."

67. Narrated Anas: My mother, Um Sulaim, took a Mudd of barley grain, ground it and made porridge from it, and pressed (over it), a butter skin she had with her. Then she sent me to the Prophet, and I reached him while he was sitting with his companions. I invited him, whereupon he said, "And those who are with me?' I returned and said, "He says, 'And those who are with me?" Abu Talha went out to him and said, "O Allah's Apostle! It is just a meal prepared by Um Sulaim." The Prophet entered and the food was brought to him. He said, "Let ten persons enter upon me." Those ten entered and ate their fill. Again he said, 'Let ten (more) enter upon me." Those ten entered and ate their fill. Then he said, "Let ten (more) enter upon me." He called forty persons in all Then Allah's Apostle ate and got up. I started looking (at the food) to see if it decreased or not.

68. Narrated 'Abdul 'Aziz: It was said to Anas "What did you hear the Prophet saying about garlic?" Anas replied, "Whoever has eaten (garlic) should not approach our mosque."

69. Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah: The Prophet said, "Whoever has eaten garlic or onion should keep away from us (or should keep away from our mosque).'

70. Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah: We were with Allah's Apostle collecting Al-Kabath at Mar-Az-Zahran. The Prophet said, "Collect the black ones, for they are better." Somebody said, (O Allah's Apostle!) Have you ever shepherded sheep?" He said, "There has been no prophet but has shepherded them. "

71. Narrated Suwaid bin An Nu'man: We went out with Allah's Apostle to Khaibar, and when we reached As-Sahba', the Prophet asked for food, and he was offered nothing but Sawiq. We ate, and then Allah's Apostle stood up for the prayer. He rinsed his mouth with water, and we too, rinsed our mouths. Narrated Suwaid; We went out with Allah's Apostle to Khaibar. and when we reached As-Sahba', which (Yahya says) is one day' journey from Khaibar, the Prophet asked for food, and he was offered nothing but Sawiq which we chewed and ate. Then the Prophet asked for water and rinsed his mouth, and we too, rinsed our mouths along with him. He then led us in the Maghrib prayer without performing ablution again

72.Narrated Ibn 'Abbas: The Prophet said, 'When you eat, do not wipe your hands till you have licked it, or had it licked by somebody else."

73. Narrated Said bin Al-Harith: that he asked Jabir bin 'Abdullah about performing ablution after taking a cooked meal. He replied, "It is not essential," and added, "We never used to get such kind of food during the lifetime of the Prophet except rarely; and if at all we got such a dish, we did not have any handkerchiefs to wipe our hands with except the palms of our hands, our forearms and our feet. We would perform the prayer thereafter with-out performing new ablution."

74. Narrated Abu Umama: Whenever the dining sheet of the Prophet was taken away (i.e., whenever he finished his meal), he used to say: "Al-hamdu lillah kathiran taiyiban mubarakan fihi ghaira makfiy wala muwada' wala mustaghna'anhu Rabbuna."

75. Narrated Abu Umama: Whenever the Prophet finished his meals (or when his dining sheet was taken away), he used to say. "Praise be to Allah Who has satisfied our needs and quenched our thirst. Your favor cannot by compensated or denied." Once he said, upraise be to You, O our Lord! Your favor cannot be compensated, nor can be left, nor can be dispensed with, O our Lord!"

76. Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet said, If supper is served and the Iqama for (Isha) prayer is proclaimed, start with your supper first."

77. Narrated Nafi: Once Ibn Umar was taking his supper while he was listening to the recitation of (Quran by) the Imam (in the Isha prayer).

78. Narrated Aisha: The Prophet said, "If the Iqama for ('Isha') prayer is proclaimed and supper is served, take your supper first "

79. Narrated Anas: I know (about) the Hijab (the order of veiling of women) more than anybody else. Ubai bin Ka'b used to ask me about it. Allah's Apostle became the bridegroom of Zainab bint Jahsh whom he married at Medina. After the sun had risen high in the sky, the Prophet invited the people to a meal. Allah's Apostle remained sitting and some people remained sitting with him after the other guests had left. Then Allah's Apostle got up and went away, and I too, followed him till he reached the door of 'Aisha's room. Then he thought that the people must have left the place by then, so he returned and I also returned with him. Behold, the people were still sitting at their places. So he went back again for the second time, and I went along with him too. When we reached the door of 'Aisha's room, he returned and I also returned with him to see that the people had left. Thereupon the Prophet hung a curtain between me and him and the Verse regarding the order for (veiling of women) Hijab was revealed.

 

Hadiths on 'Food, Meals' of Narrated by others.

Etiquette of Eating

1. 'Umar bin Abu Salamah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (pbuh), said to me, "Mention Allah's Name (i.e., say Bismillah before starting eating), eat with your right hand, and eat from what is near you." [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

2. 'Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, "When any of you wants to eat, he should mention the Name of Allah in the begining, (i.e., say Bismillah). If he forgets to do it in the beginning, he should say Bismillah awwalahu wa akhirahu (I begin with the Name of Allah at the beginning and at the end)." [At-Tirmidhi and Abu Dawud].

3. Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard Messenger of Allah (pbuh) saying, "If a person mentions the Name of Allah upon entering his house or eating, Satan says, addressing his followers: 'You will find no where to spend the night and no dinner.' But if he enters without mentioning the Name of Allah, Satan says (to his followers); 'You have found (a place) to spend the night in, and if he does not mention the Name of Allah at the time of eating, Satan says: 'You have found (a place) to spend the night in as well as food."' [Muslim].

4. Hudhaifah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: When we attended a meal with the Messenger of Allah (pbuh), we would not stretch forth our hands towards the food until he (pbuh) would start eating first. Once, we were with him when a little girl rushed in as if someone was impelling her. She was about to lay her hand on the food when the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) caught her hand. Then a bedouin came in rushing as if someone were pushing him. He (pbuh) caught his hand also and said, "Satan considers that food lawful for himself on which the Name of Allah is not mentioned. He (Satan) brought this girl to make the food lawful through her but I caught her hand. Then he brought the bedouin to make it lawful through him but I caught his hand too. By Him in Whose Hand my soul is, now Satan's hand is in my grasp along with their hands." Then he mentioned the Name of Allah and began to eat [Abu Dawud and An-Nasa'i].

5. Umaiyyah bin Makhshi (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:Messenger of Allah (pbuh) was sitting while a man was eating food. That man did not mention the Name of Allah (before commencing to eat) till only a morsel of food was left. When he raised it to his mouth, he said: "Bismillah awwalahu wa akhirahu (With the Name of Allah, in the beginning and in the end)." Messenger of Allah (pbuh) smiled at this and said, "Satan had been eating with him but when he mentioned the Name of Allah, Satan vomited all that was in his stomach." [Abu Dawud and An-Nasa'i].

6. 'Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: Messenger of Allah (pbuh) was eating with his six Companions when a desert Arab came and ate up the food in two mouthfuls. Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, "Had he mentioned the Name of Allah, it would have sufficed for all of you." [At-Tirmidhi].

7. Abu Umamah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Whenever the Prophet (pubh) finished a meal, he would say: "Al-hamdu lillahi hamdan kathiran taiyyiban mubarakan fihi, ghaira makfiyyin wa la muwadda`in, wa la mustaghnan `anhu, Rabbuna. (All praise is due to Allah, praise which is abundant, pure, and full of blessings, which is indispensable and to which one cannot be indifferent).''

8. Mu'adh bin Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, "He who has taken food and says at the end: 'Al- hamdu lillahi-lladhi at'amani hadha, wa razaqanihi min ghairi haulin minni wa la quwwatin (All praise is due to Allah Who has given me food to eat and provided it without any endeavour on my part or any power),' all his past sins will be forgiven." [At-Tirmidh i].

9. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (pbuh) never found fault with food. If he had inclination to eating it, he would eat; and if he disliked it, he would leave it. [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

10. Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (pbuh) asked for sauce and was told that there was nothing except vinegar. He asked for it and began to eat from it saying, "How excellent is vinegar when eaten as sauce! How excellent is vinegar when eaten as Udm!" [Muslim].

11. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, "When any of you is invited to a meal, he should accept the invitation. If he is observing Saum (fasting), he should supplicate for the betterment of the host and if he is not fasting, he should eat." [Muslim].

12. Abu Mas'ud Al-Badri (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:A man prepared some food especially for the Prophet (pbuh) and invited him along with four others. But a man accompanied him. Having arrived at the door, Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said to the host, "This person has followed us. You may allow him, if you like, and if you like he will return." He said: "O Messenger of Allah, I allow him, too." [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

13. 'Umar bin Abu Salamah (May Allah be pleased with them) reported:I was a boy under the care of Messenger of Allah (pbuh), and as my hand used to wander around in the dish, he (pbuh) said to me once, "Mention Allah's Name (i.e., say Bismillah), eat with your right hand, and eat from what is in front of you." [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

14. Salamah bin Al-Akwa' (May Allah be pleased with him) reported on the authority of his father: A man ate with his left hand in the presence of Messenger of Allah (pbuh), whereupon he said, "Eat with your right hand." The man said: "I cannot do that." Thereupon he (the Prophet (pbuh)) said, "May you not be able to do that." It was vanity that prevented him from doing it and he could not raise it (the right hand) up to his mouth afterwards. [Muslim].

15. Jabalah bin Suhaim reported: We were with 'Abdullah bin Az-Zubair (May Allah be pleased with them) in a time of famine, then we were provided with dates. (Once) when we were eating, 'Abdullah bin 'Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) passed by us and said: "Do not eat two dates together, for Messenger of Allah (pbuh) prohibited it, unless one seeks permission from his brother (partner)." [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

16. Wahshi bin Harb (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Some of the Companions of Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said: "We eat but are not satisfied." He (pbuh) said, "Perhaps you eat separately." The Companions replied in affirmative. He then said: "Eat together and mention the Name of Allah over your food. It will be blessed for you." [Abu Dawud].

17. Ibn 'Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported:The Prophet (pbuh) said, "Blessing descends upon food in its middle, so eat from the sides of the vessel and do not eat from its middle." [At-Tirmidhi and Abu Dawud].

18. 'Abdullah bin Busr (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:The Prophet (pbuh) had a large bowl called Al-Gharra', which would be carried by four men. One day, when the Companions finished their Duha (forenoon optional) prayer, Al-Gharra' was brought full of sopped bread, meat and broth, and they sat down around it. When their number increased, Messenger of Allah (pbuh) sat down on his knees and rested on the soles of his feet. A bedouin said to him: "What sort of sitting is that?" There upon Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, "Verily, Allah has made me a courteous slave not a fierce tyrant." Then he said, "Eat from the sides of the bowl and leave the central part of it so that your food will be blessed. [Abu Dawud].

19. Abu Juhaifah Wahb bin 'Abdullah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, "I do not eat reclining (against a pillow)." [Al-Bukhari].

20. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:I saw Messenger of Allah (pbuh) eating some dates while sitting on his buttocks, with his legs raised. [Muslim].

21. Ibn 'Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported:Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, "When one of you finishes eating, he should not wipe his fingers until he has licked them himself or has given them to someone else to lick for him." [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

22. Ka'b bin Malik (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I saw Messenger of Allah (pbuh) eating with three fingers (i.e., the thumb, the index finger and the middle finger) and licking them after having finished the food. [Muslim].

23. Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:Messenger of Allah (pbuh) commanded the licking of fingers and the gleaning of the dish, saying, "You do not know in which portion the blessing lies." [Muslim].

24. Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, "When a morsel (a small piece of food) of any of you falls, he should pick it up and remove any of the dirt on it and then eat it, and should not leave it for Satan nor should wipe his hand with towel until he has licked his fingers, for he does not know in what portion of the food the blessing lies." [Muslim].

25. Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, "Satan appears at every thing done by you; he appears even at one's dinner. When a morsel of any of you falls, he should pick it up and remove any dirt on it, and then eat it. He should not leave it for Satan, nor should he wipe his hand with the towel until he has licked his fingers, for he does not know in what portion of the food the blessing lies." [Muslim].

26. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Whenever Messenger of Allah (pbuh) ate food, he would lick his three fingers and say, "If anyone of you drops a morsel of food, he should remove any dirt that may have stuck on it and then eat it, and should not leave it for Satan." He (pbuh) also commanded us that we should glean the pot, saying, "You do not know in which part of your food the blessings lies."[Muslim].

27. Sa'id bin Al-Harith reported: I asked Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) whether it was obligatory to make Wudu' for Salat (prayer) after eating cooked food. He said: "No, because in the lifetime of Messenger of Allah (pbuh), such food was rarely available. We had no handkerchiefs, so when we ate such food we would wipe our fingers against our palms, forearms or (the sole of our) feet, and would offer Salat without fresh Wudu' (for prayer)." [Al- Bukhari].

28. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, "The food of two persons suffices for three persons, and the food of three persons suffices for four persons." [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

29. Jabir bin 'Abdullah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, "The food of one person suffices for two, the food of two persons suffices for four persons, and the food of four persons suffices for eight persons."[Muslim].

30. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (pbuh) used to breathe three times in the course of a drink (he used to drink in three gulps).
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

31. Ibn 'Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported:Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, "Do not drink in one gulp like a camel, but in two or three (gulps). Mention the Name of Allah (i.e., say Bismillah) when you start drinking and praise Him (i.e., say Al-hamdu lillah) after you have finished (drinking)." [At- Tirmidhi].

32. Abu Qatadah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:The Prophet (pbuh) forbade breathing into the vessel while drinking. [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

33. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Milk mixed with water was brought to Messenger of Allah (pbuh). On his right side was sitting a bedouin and on his left was sitting Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleased with him). He (pbuh) drank from it and handed the rest to the bedouin saying, "One who is on the right has preference, then again the one who is on the left."[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

34. Sahl bin Sa'd (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: A drink was brought to Messenger of Allah (pbuh) and he drank (some) from it. On his right was a boy and on his left were some elderly people. He (pbuh) said to the boy, "Would you permit me to give rest of this drink to these on my left?" The boy said: "O Messenger of Allah, I would certainly not give preference to anyone in anything that might come to me from you." So he (pbuh) handed over the rest of the drink to him.[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

35. Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (pbuh) forbade turning the water-skin upside down and drinking directly from its mouth.[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

36. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:Messenger of Allah (pbuh) prohibited drinking directly out of the mouth of a water- skin.[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

37. Umm Thabit Kabshah (May Allah be pleased with her), daughter of Thabit (May Allah be pleased with him) and the sister of Hassan bin Thabit, the Prophet's poet) reported: Messenger of Allah (pbuh) visited me and drank some water from a hanging water-skin while he was in a standing posture. So, I stood up and cut off the mouth (of that water-skin). An-Nawawi said that the reason why she did this was to keep to receive benediction that part of the water-skin which the lips of Messenger of Allah (pbuh) touched. [At- Tirmidhi].

38. Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (pbuh) prohibited us blowing in the drinking water. A man said: "O Messenger of Allah! Sometimes I see some litter floating about on the surface. What should I do then?" He (pbuh) replied, "Pour them out." Then the man said: "My thirst is not quenched with one draught." Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, "Then put away the cup from your mouth (in between three gulps), and take breath." [At-Tirmidhi].

39. Ibn 'Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Prophet (pbuh) prohibited us from breathing into the drinking vessel or blowing onto.[At-Tirmidhi].

40. Ibn 'Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: I served Messenger of Allah (pbuh) Zamzam water to drink and he drank it while he was standing.[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

41. An-Nazzal bin Sabrah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: 'Ali bin Abu Talib (May Allah be pleased with him) arrived at Bab Ar-Rahbah (in Kufah) and drank water in a standing posture. Then he said: "I saw Messenger of Allah (pbuh) doing what you have seen me doing."[Al-Bukhari].

42. Ibn 'Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: During the lifetime of Messenger of Allah (pbuh) we would eat while walking and would drink while standing.[At- Tirmidhi].

43. 'Amr bin Shu'aib on the authority of his father and grandfather reported: that they saw Messenger of Allah (pbuh) drink standing, and sitting. [At-Tirmidhi].

The last three hadith point out the permissibility of eating and drinking while walking or standing or sitting, but drinking in the sitting position remains the best.

44. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (pbuh) forbade us from drinking while standing. Qatadah reported: "We asked him: 'What about eating?"' He said: "That is even worse, (or may be he said) more detestable."

45. Another narration is: Messenger of Allah (pbuh) reprimanded us for drinking while standing. [Muslim].

46. Abu Qatadah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, "He who serves others with drinking water should be the last to drink himself."[At-Tirmidhi].

47. Anas bin Malik (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Once the time for As-Salat (the prayer) approached. Those whose houses were near, went to their houses to perform Wudu' while some of the people remained with Messenger of Allah (pbuh). A stone (containing some water) bowl was brought for him. It was too small for him to spread his hand over it. He performed his Wudu' and it (the water) sufficed for all the others also. Anas was asked: "How many of you were present there?" He said: "Eighty or more."[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

48. 'Abdullah bin Zaid (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (pbuh) visited us and we brought water for him in a brass vessel for his ablution and he performed ablution.[Al- Bukhari].

49. Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (pbuh) visited the house of a man of the Ansar with one of his Companions and said to him, "If you have some water in the water-skin left over from last night, give it to us for drinking; otherwise, we shall drink from some stream directly."[Al- Bukhari].

50. Hudhaifah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (pbuh) prohibited us from wearing brocade or silk and drinking out of gold or silver vessels and said, "These are meant for them (disbelievers) in this world and for you in the Hereafter."[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

51. Umm Salamah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, "He who drinks from the vessel of silver kindles the Fire (of Hell) in his belly."[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

52. A narration in Muslim is: Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, "Surely, he who eats or drinks in gold and silver vessels fills his belly with Hell-fire."

53. The Prophet (pbuh) said, “If anyone who eats from a bowl and licks it then the bowl seeks forgiveness for him.” [Tirmidhi]

54. The Prophet said, “As for me, I do not recline while eating.” [Bukhari 5398] (I.e. he did not lie back whilst eating.)

55. The Prophet (pbuh) said “None of you must eat with his left hand, for the devil eats with his left hand and drinks with his left" [Tirmidhi]

56. Prophet disallowed that a man should drink (anything) while he is standing. Someone asked, “And eating?” He said, “That is worse than that.”

57. The Prophet (pbuh) used to pause for breath three times while drinking and say, “This is more thirst-quenching and more pleasant.”

58. Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) said, “If one of you drinks something, he must not breathe in the vessel.” [Bukhari 153, Muslim 267]

59. The Prophet said, "Bind yourself to have a meal at night even a handful of dates, for, skipping this meal makes one age quicker."

60. The Prophet said, “When one of you eats, he must lick his fingers (after finishing), for, he does not know in which of them lies blessing.” [Tirmidhi]

61. Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) forbade eating two dates together unless allowed by one’s companion. [Tirmidhi]

62. Prophet (pbuh) said, “The house that has no dates, its people are hungry.” [Tirmidhi]

63. Prophet (pbuh) loved sweetmeat and honey. [Bukhari 5431, Muslim 1474]

63. Sayyidah Ayshah (RA) said that the Prophet(pbuh) ate water-melon with fresh dates. [Abu Dawud 3836]

64. Prophet said, “The one who supplies water to the people [should be] the last of them to drink.” [Muslim 681]

65. Prophet (pbuh) that he was asked, “Which drink is the purest?’ He said, “That which is sweet and cool.” [Ahmed 24155]


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